Here’s a link to a funny article from DeBow’s Review called “Free Negro Rule”:
“We are in search of a moral, happy, and voluntarily industrious community of free negroes. We prosecute the search with some labor and pains, because the results should, with reasonable and philanthropical men, have much influence on their opinions respecting the nation of blacks in our midst. We suppose no such community exists upon the face of the earth. We have not found it in Hayti; it is not in Jamaica, and we search for it in vain for throughout the British West Indies. . . .
Here’s an excerpt about the Black Undertow called “Free Negroes In the Northern States”:
“The fact is, the negroes in the North display their inherent characteristics of laziness, determined ignorance, sensuality, vice, filth, and improvidence – traits which disgust all virtuous and industrious citizens; and to charge these traits upon Southern slavery, shows a total misconception of the African character, which has been improved and elevated, as we have shown, by slavery in the South.
We will produce abundant proof in support of our statement, in respect of the viciousness of the blacks, and also facts to show that in all parts of the North the mortality among free negroes is more than double that of southern slaves, or even of the whites.
And first as to the viciousness of these people. Mr. Everett stated in a speech before the Colonization Society, in 1833, that while the free blacks of Massachusetts formed only about one seventy-fifth part of the population, yet one sixth of the convicts in the prisons of that State were of that class.
In a memorial presented to the Legislature of Connecticut in 1834, it was stated, that “from the licentiousness of their (the negroes) general habits, they have invariably depreciated the value of the property by their location in its neighborhood; and that from their notorious uncleanliness and filth, they have become common nuisances to the community.”
From the report of the Warden of the Connecticut State prison for 1838, it appears “that the number of blacks in confinement, compared with the whites, is ten or twelve times greater than is the proportion of black to the white population in that State.”
“In 1832, a colony of free blacks was expelled from Ohio, on account of their dissoluteness, and dishonesty, and misery, being considered in the light of vagabonds and nuisances. A college for free negroes was projected in New Haven about the same time, and the respectable citizens opposed and suppressed it, because the increase of that class of population was considered an evil.”
Here is another article called “Free Negroes in Hayti”:
“And, indeed, such were the expectations of the friends of the negro race. Let them be but once free, remove the depressing shackles of slavery, unbind their arms, said they, and soon we will see a race fully equal to the whites; agriculture will progress, commerce be fostered, and the cause of education and religion be advanced; Euclids were to spring from the mountains, Aesops and Dumas’ were to write verses and romances in the valleys, and the golden shores of the Artibonite were to witness a pastoral peace and happiness, unequaled in the happy valley of Amhara, or in the future Utopia of the Jesuits, on the banks of the Panara!
How have these expectations been fulfilled? What has been the results of this fifty years’ trial under circumstances the most favorable could be imagined?”