BRA’s Nineteenth Century Origins

John Brown's truth is marching on. Glory, Glory, Hallelujah!


Thrasymachus is disputing my contention that Black Run Amerika was born in the nineteenth century and grew out of the abolitionist movement in the Northern states.

Here’s the proof that BRA was created in the 19th century:

(1) The Northern states repealed their anti-miscegenation laws in the nineteenth century: Pennsylvania (1780), Massachusetts (1843), Iowa (1851), Kansas (1859), Rhode Island (1881), Maine (1883), Michigan (1883), and Ohio (1887).

(2) Several Northern states never passed anti-miscegenation laws: Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.

(3) In 1860, “African-Americans” were citizens with voting rights in five New England states: Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island, Vermont, and New Hampshire. Approximately 4 percent of free blacks in America lived in these states.

(4) The Dred Scott decision which ruled that “African-Americans” were not American citizens outraged Republicans in New England on the grounds that the other states refused to recognize their black citizens under the Constitution.

In 1820, Missouri prohibited “free negroes and mulattoes from coming to and settling in this State.” This was cited as a reason by senators and representatives from several New England states as a reason to block Missouri’s admission to the Union.

(5) Prior to the War Between the States, four Northern states banned free blacks from settling within their borders: Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, and Oregon. Ohio required free blacks to post a bond and practice good behavior to enter the state.

(6) In 1833, Oberlin College was founded by abolitionists in Ohio as a utopian religious community. It was the first integrated coeducational college in the United States.

(7) Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a best seller in the Northern states.

In 1860, the racial status quo in the Northern states can be summarized as follows: “African-Americans” were citizens with voting rights in five New England states; this has been struck down by the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decision; four Northern states banned free blacks; a fifth Northern state required blacks to post a bond; miscegenation was legal in 11 Northern states; and de jure segregation was the norm in the region outside of New England.

As far as racial attitudes are concerned, it would be accurate to say that most Northern Whites were racially conscious to some degree. The Midwest and Lower North were a lot more racially conscious than New England and Yankeedom.

In the North, the Scots-Irish and Irish Catholics were unquestionably the most racially conscious groups there. The Democratic Party was committed to white supremacy. It was dominated by Southerners. Northern Whites supported the Democratic Party because they opposed abolitionists and wanted to keep free blacks in the South.

Yankees and Quakers were the most egalitarian Whites in the Northern states. Racial attitudes among the Germans and Scandinavians varied, but these two groups were a lot more sympathetic to Yankees than either the Irish or the Scots-Irish.

The whole perfectionist reform milieu which hatched the first utopian social reform movements – abolitionism, temperance, and women’s suffrage – was dominated by middle class Northern Protestants (Quakers, Congregationalists, Northern Baptists, Northern Methodists, and Unitarians) who tended to be Yankees or Quakers.

Radical egalitarianism unquestionably emerged out of this social reform milieu in the Antebellum decades. The roots of the modern Left trace back to groups like Garrison’s American Anti-Slavery Society. The Nation, for example, was founded in 1865 by abolitionists.

From 1830 to 1860, these people moved from the fringe of Northern politics in the Liberty Party and the Free Soil Party to the mainstream in the Republican Party. By the 1860 election, there were “Radical Republicans” sitting in Congress like William Seward, Benjamin Wade, Charles Sumner, George Julian, and Thaddeus Stevens.

(8) The War Between the States was a watershed moment in American history on the race question. It led to the destruction of the Confederacy, the crippling of the Democracy, and the triumph of the Yankee and the Radical Republicans.

(9) In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which abolished slavery in the Confederacy. The Union Army armed 178,000 blacks to wage war against the South. 1 out of 5 black males of military age in the United States served in the Union Army in the “Civil War.”

(10) During the War Between the States, the North was swept by a wave of radical egalitarianism and patriotic fervor that resulted in the passage of a ton of desegregation laws at the state and local level.  Michael Fitzgerald discusses this in Splendid Failure.

Exalting blacks at the expense of Southern Whites had become identified with the Union cause, with the Republican Party, and with a peculiarly Northern brand of American nationalism. John Brown’s Body was turned into the Battle Hymn of the Republic.

In April 1865, the status quo in the Northern states (where 2 percent of “African-Americans” lived at the time) was the beginning of massive desegregation, the liberalization of White racial attitudes, the repeal of the Midwestern black codes, support for “civil rights,” etc.

After abolition became a Union war aim with the Emancipation Proclamation, the Union Army “liberated” the negro across the South. There is no clear plan yet as to what to do with “the Blacks.” The status of blacks wasn’t an issue before the war because the overwhelming majority of them were slaves on Southern plantations where Yankees had no authority over them.

(11) The assassination of Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth made Andrew Johnson the 11th president of the United States. A Unionist anti-Confederate senator from East Tennessee, Johnson had become a hero among the Radicals in the North during the war and ran with Lincoln on the “Union Party” ticket in 1864.

(12) Johnson’s views on race were typical of anti-Confederate Southern Whites: they were as “racist” as their Confederate counterparts in the Southern lowlands, but they had little use for slavery, resented the planter class, and detested secession because conscription interfered with their autonomous clan based existence in the Southern highlands.

Andrew Johnson believed that the White Unionists in the South who opposed secession should be the new ruling class. Now that slavery had been abolished and the Union had been preserved, these Unionists had little use for “African-Americans” and believed they should go back to working as wage laborers on the plantations.

(13) The abolition of slavery by the Thirteenth Amendment and the preservation of the Union meant that Southerners would be coming back to Congress. It also meant the demise of the 3/5th clause. This meant that under the Constitution that Southerners would be allowed to come back to Congress with more political power than before the war.

(14) Having won the “Civil War,” the Radical Republicans were not about to allow the “Rebels” to come back into the Union and take over the federal government. Thus, the Radical Republicans hit upon the idea of universal manhood suffrage.

No one in the American South had been more loyal to the Union than “African-Americans.” Why not make African-Americans into U.S. citizens? Why not give them voting rights? In such a way, the Republican Party could destroy the Democracy and dominate American politics indefinitely.

(15) The Radicals in Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. It was the first federal civil rights law in American history. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 gave citizenship and equal rights to “African-Americans.”

It was vetoed by President Johnson, who opposed their attempt to “Africanize the Southern states,” and the Radicals passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 over his veto by refusing to admit Southerners to Congress.

(16) As of 1866, the Black Republicans have abolished slavery, overturned the Dred Scott decision, and implemented the worst and most lurid fears of Southern secessionists by making blacks into American citizens with equal rights.

In the South, there are three states with black majority (Mississippi, Louisiana, and South Carolina) and a fourth state with a razor thin White majority (Florida). Universal manhood suffrage effectively means “negro supremacy” in these states.

(17) In the 1866 elections, the Radical Republicans win a 2/3rds majority in both houses of Congress. For the first time in American history, one political party has absolute power. Congress impeaches Johnson who becomes a lame duck because the Radicals have the power to override his veto.

Of course the only reason this has happened is because the Republican-controlled Congress (Congress has the power to determine its own members) has refused to readmit Southerners to representation in Congress.

(18) The Radical Republican Congress passes the Reconstruction Acts which dissolve 10 Confederate states into military districts. The eleventh state, Tennessee, has been placed under the Unionist dictatorship of “Parson” Brownlow who advocated the murder of every “Rebel” man, woman, and child in the South.

(19) In the Border States (Missouri, West Virginia, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware), the “Rebels” are disenfranchised by loyalty oaths and are violently purged everywhere.

(20) In 1867, the Radical Republicans have created BRA by using military force to make blacks into American citizens. They have given equal rights to blacks. These rights are enforced by the power of the Union Army.

The Southern states are forced at gunpoint to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment which centralizes power in Washington and disenfranchises ex-Confederates while enfranchising African-Americans. The fraudulent and illegal state legislatures are dominated by carpetbaggers, scalawags, and negroes.

In this way, the Southern states are readmitted to the Union on Radical terms. In every single Southern state, the White majority rejects the 14th Amendment and readmission to the Union. “African-Americans” and their scalawag allies voted to rejoin the United States and pass the 14th Amendment and 15th Amendment.

(21) BRA indisputably began in Reconstruction: in the occupied Confederacy, there were black governors, black senators, black congressmen, black secretary of states, black state legislators, black mayors, black sheriffs, etc.

In several states (South Carolina, Louisiana, Florida, and Mississippi), Whites quite literally livd under “negro domination” until the White Man’s Revolution of 1876 and the withdrawal of federal troops in 1877 resulted in the restoration of white supremacy.

During Reconstruction, Southern anti-miscegenation laws were repealed. Public accommodations were integrated. Taxes were raised to outrageous levels to finance the construction of public schools for “African-Americans.” The University of Arkansas was integrated. South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) was integrated.

In the name of “equality,” the Radical Republicans have used the power of the Union Army to turn the South into “an upside down world” where African-Americans dominate Whites and the Southern states are explicitly run for their benefit at the expense of Whites. This is discussed by foreigners like the French who are generally horrified by the spectacle.

BRA as it existed in Reconstruction is recognizably the society now that exists today. The Force Acts of 1870 and 1871 are used to suppress the Klan.  The Civil Rights Act of 1875 integrated everything in the South except for public schools. There were blacks everywhere in positions of power.

In 1877, the status quo in the South was that White Southerners had “redeemed” all the Southern states in one way or another, which meant that by either through force, fraud, compromise or electoral majorities, the disenfranchised ex-Confederates have reestablished some limited level of control.

Redemption did not mean that blacks had ceased to be citizens or voters. It did not mean that Jim Crow has triumphed. Integration is still the norm. Blacks still have most of their “civil rights.” There is no universal system of race relations in the Southern states.

In the North, the Antebellum black codes have been repealed, blacks are now voters and citizens in every state, segregation has been largely overthrown, the miscegenation laws have been repealed in every Northern state (with the exception of Indiana) by 1887.

The Supreme Court lead the retreat from Reconstruction in a series of major decisions that laid the legal foundation of Jim Crow: the Slaughterhouse Cases (1873), U.S. v. Cruikshank (1876), the Civil Rights Cases (1881),  Pace v. Alabama (1883), and Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).

What about the Northern states? Did the Northern states pass Jim Crow laws? Did the North retreat from Reconstruction like the South? No, Reconstruction survived in the Union which went in exactly the opposite direction from Dixie:

Iowa: banned public accommodations segregation (1884 and 1892).

Minnesota: banned segregation in public education (1887), banned public accommodations segregation (1885, 1887, and 1895).

Wisconsin: banned segregation in public accommodations and public transportation (1895).

Michigan: banned segregation in public education (1871), banned anti-miscegenation laws (1883 and 1889), banned segregation in public accommodations (1885).

Illinois: repealed exclusion of free blacks (1865), banned segregation in public education (1874 and 1896), banned segregation in public accommodations (1885 and 1897).

Indiana: banned segregation in public education (1877), banned segregation in public accommodations (1885).

Ohio: banned segregation in public accommodations (1884), banned anti-miscegenation laws and segregation in public schools (1887).

Pennsylvania: banned railroad and streetcar segregation (1867), banned segregation in public education (1872 and 1881), banned public accommodations segregation (1887).

New Jersey: banned public school segregation (1881), banned public accommodations segregation (1884 and 1898).

New York: banned public accommodations segregation (1873, 1881, and 1895), banned school segregation (1894 and 1900).

Rhode Island: banned public education segregation (1882).

Massachusetts: banned public accommodations segregation (1865, 1866, 1885, 1893, 1895), banned public education segregation (1894).

Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Maine didn’t feel compelled to pass laws that explicitly banned public accommodations segregation and public education segregation. Integration had long been customary in New England. As the spiritual capital of abolition, Massachusetts felt compelled though to pass no less than five state laws banning public accommodations segregation.

At the dawn of the twentieth century, “African-Americans” had been transformed by victorious Yankees from slaves into American citizens. In theory, the 14th Amendment and 15th Amendment had given “equal rights” to blacks nationwide. In practice, the South had essentially nullified the Reconstruction Amendments, but had conceded black citizenship and “civil rights” (such as the right to own firearms, gather in mass meetings, solemnize marriages, and consume alcohol) while rejecting social and political equality.

In the North, African-Americans were treated as the social, civil, and political equals of White people. Every single Northern state with the exception of Indiana had repealed its anti-miscegenation law. The North had also banned segregation in public education and public accommodations.

In 1860, the Union was divided into free states and slave states. Northern Whites and Southern Whites were racially conscious, but Yankeeland and the Deep South were polar opposites on the race question.

In 1900, the Union was divided along the same geographical line into integrated states and segregated states. Northern Whites and Southern Whites were still racially conscious, but Yankeeland and the Deep South were still polar opposites on the race question.

America remained a “house divided” on race until the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In the House, 94 percent of Northern Democrats and 85 percent of Northern Republicans voted for that bill. In the Senate, 98 percent of Northern Democrats and 84 percent of Northern Republicans voted to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

In the House, 93 percent of Southern Democrats and 100 percent of Southern Republicans (there being no Republican congressmen from the region) voted against the bill. In the Senate, 20 out of 21 Southern senators voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

After overcoming a Southern filibuster that lasted for 54 days, Northern Democrats and Northern Republicans voted as a bipartisan sectional supermajority to overthrow Jim Crow and impose their own integrated social system on the South.

In 1964, the concept of “civil rights” in America was two years away from celebrating its 100th birthday. Strangely enough, the very same people who passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 were behind the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

BRA was created by the Radical Republicans during Reconstruction. It was temporarily overthrown in the South through violence and fraud. It survived and blossomed in the North in the late nineteenth century.

In the so-called “Civil Rights Movement,” BRA was extended nationwide by the Northern dominated federal government. It had been extended to the South before, but it was overthrown last time around after a struggle that lasted for thirty years (1866 to 1896) after the War Between the States.

Yankees created BRA. In forty six years, they haven’t let a day go by without boasting about their great accomplishment of deifying “African-Americans” while vilifying White Southerners. Every single day we are reminded that the South is racist and Yankees abolished slavery and supported the “Civil Rights Movement.”

Has anyone ever seen a Yankee on national television or writing for a mainstream newspaper or magazine deny being responsible for abolition, anti-racism, and civil rights? The promotion of blacks over Whites has become synonymous with the definition of morality itself and nowhere more emphatically so than in the states like Vermont and Massachusetts where this whole degenerate culture was spawned in the first place.

I mean honestly … they are incapable of getting off their high horse and letting us live it down. In BRA, it is culturally illegal to endorse the Confederate position on race or to question the moral superiority of being a “civil rights activist.”

You could even say that Jesus Christ has been replaced by Martin Luther King, Jr. in their theology. In their perverse, alien, and inverted moral system, whiteness has become the Original Sin. It is something you redeem yourself from through MLK’s grace by worshiping blacks like Barack Hussein Obama and Rosa Parks.

It is a hard to imagine a culture that could possibly be more anti-Southern in spirit. It is almost as if some other distinct people has created their own sense of identity (like, say, in some kind of war) by defining themselves against Germans and White Southerners.

Who could that be?

Note: “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” is a hymn by Julia Ward Howe using the music from the song “John Brown’s Body”.

About Hunter Wallace 12381 Articles
Founder and Editor-in-Chief of Occidental Dissent


  1. “The promotion of blacks over Whites has become synonymous with the definition of morality itself and nowhere more emphatically so than in the states like Vermont and Massachusetts where this whole degenerate culture was spawned in the first place.”

    Thanks for that condensed history lesson. You are correct. Yankee Supremacism IS the new ‘de facto’ religion which has USURPED Christianity as the dominant religion in the USA, and, via Yankee “Manifest Destiny” has exported this HERESY all over the western world.

    It used to be that Europe’s nations laughed at our ‘race problem’ and said, ‘If only WE had had that battle, WE would have done better.’ Now, of course, the heads of France, Germany, and England have conceded the South’s fundamental premise of 1860- ‘Multiculturalism is a complete failure.’ It only took them 150 years to learn….

    As I witnessed over at James Edwards’ blog , Political Cesspool, one lone, tiny church that opposed miscegenation, has been called ‘racist’ by all the ‘Hierarchs of Heresy,’ and has backed down in fear of man, but loathing of God’s Law. Who shall be called to account for this at the Parousia? But this miscegenating blasphemy IS ‘the’ defining characteristic of the Demonic takeover of ‘all the churche,’ as Fr. Seraphim Rose noted not 30 years ago. It is ubiquitous, it is tied to all other heresies, it is lauded as a virtue, and it is completely contrary to the Word of God.

    It IS ‘another Gospel’ – and therefore, the hallmark that will divide true from false ‘Christians,’ as I wrote just last night, quoting Ezra 9:2-12, on this very blog:

    “They have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and their sons, and have mingled the holy race with the peoples around them. And the leaders and officials have led the way in this unfaithfulness. When I heard this, I tore my tunic and cloak, pulled hair from my head and beard and sat down appalled.

    “O my God, I am too ashamed and disgraced to lift up my face to you, my God, because our sins are higher than our heads and our guilt has reached to the heavens.
    But now, O our God, what can we say after this? For we have disregarded the commands you gave through your servants the prophets when you said: ‘The land you are entering to possess is a land polluted by the corruption of its peoples. By their detestable practices they have filled it with their impurity from one end to the other.

    Therefore, do not give your daughters in marriage to their sons or take their daughters for your sons. Do not seek a treaty of friendship with them at any time, that you may be strong and eat the good things of the land and leave it to your children as an everlasting inheritance.” [Ezra 9:2-12]

    Multiculturalism, miscegenation, and Yankee Supremacism, the unholy trinity of Satanic origin. Anathema sit.

  2. The image facing the video with the tune “John Brown’s Body” shows a group of blacks, which might suggest to someone that this tune was originally composed by blacks. This is improbable. The tune first appeared in a religious (Protestant Christian) camp meeting about 1850. Most likely, an amateur bard used a preacher’s sermon as a taking-off point for an irreverent song, and this song caught the fancy of so many other people, who resang it elsewhere, that it became popular. However, the emphasis given to the putrefaction of John Brown’s buried body disturbed polite society, some of whose members decided to rewrite the words, so that several different versions of the song appeared. One of those was “The Battle Hymn of the Republic.” It isn’t to be assumed, however, that the tune’s original composer was black.

  3. I don’t think anyone would question that the BRA is rooted in New England and the Boston-New York City-Philadelphia metroplex. But, Illinois can also claim a close second. Having produced such characters as Lincoln, Obama, Durbin & the Daley brothers etc.

    As far as the BRA goes the Irish Roman Catholics, next to the Jews, have been the strongest supporters of the BRA. I wouldn’t make too much out of the Civil War draft riots in New York except as self interest, and an over-developed sense of entitlement. (like the present day non-White minorities.)

  4. I’m impressed with your detailed response. BRA is an idea that has old roots. But as a practical matter, how were race relations significantly different in 1900 than in 1850? Or even in 1950 than in 1850? Blacks did not cause real problems for whites until almost a century after the Civil War.

    You’re making the same false dichotomy the abolitionists made- blacks are either slaves or completely equal to whites. Your position has survived because it provides a threatening counterexample leftists can use. “See”, they say. “People against equality think blacks should be slaves. So we have to have equality. Anybody against equality is evil.”

    The actual Northern position was that *legal* equality and *social* equality are two different things. The problem in the South was that blacks could potentially use legal equality to harm whites, which Northerners probably didn’t take into account enough. If there are only small numbers of blacks in a jurisdiction, their legal equality causes no problems for whites.

    If Northerners were more angry and vindictive toward Southerners after the war than was wise, can you blame them? It was extremely bloody. And large numbers of Southerners were very sore losers. They never backed down before the war, and they weren’t going to back down after. The assassination of Lincoln fanned the flames.

  5. The Boston-New York-Philadelphia metroplex even in 1860 represented the concentration of New England/Yankee money & banking power, and the railroad corporations that they owned.

    An interesting study would be who owned the railroads in the South before the Civil War? If they were Southern owned as I would expect most were, that adds a whole new angle to the coming of the Civil War!

  6. Civil Rights decision… put an end to the attempts by Radical Republicans to ensure the civil rights of blacks and ushered in the widespread segregation of blacks in housing, employment and public life that confined them to second-class citizenship throughout much of the United States until the passage of civil rights legislation in the 1960s in the wake of the Civil Rights Movement.

    Furthermore, “[i]n the wake of the Supreme Court ruling, the federal government adopted as policy that allegations of continuing slavery were matters whose prosecution should be left to local authorities only–a de facto acceptance that white southerners could do as they wished with the black people in their midst.”[2]

    The Yankee dominated USSC protected Southerners both in a de jure and de facto mannr. Blacks did not have equal rights in the South until after the 1960s civil rights movement.

  7. The other issue left unaddressed is the demographic shift in these Northern states.

    William H. Seward once gave a campaign speech in St. Louis. Seward alludes to the prominent anti-slavery element of Missouri’s Germans.

    “Everywhere I go in Missouri it has been said to me that the Republican Party of this state consists principally of the German population. I am pleased that it is so. For wherever the Germans come, it is their mission to create a way for freedom. Whoever defends right against injustice is in the right place, wherever he might have been born. So let us happily permit Missouri to be Germanized. It was the Germanic spirit that won the Magna Carta in England, it was the German philosophy that has filled the heart of all free men with hope wherever it has penetrated, indeed it was only the German genius that has encouraged freedom throughout the world. So if it is the Germans who are to free Missouri, then let them be Germans. Yet I will not say that one has to be born here or there to have a heart in his bosom glowing for freedom, but I assert that the German spirit is the spirit of tolerance and freedom, and it fights oppression everywhere, whatever mask or disguise it should assume.”

  8. @ Desmond

    There was a social democratic revolution in most of the German states in 1848; remember the communist manifesto?

    A lot of those 1848 German revolutionaries ended up in the St. Louis area. Many were Roman Catholics, but, not all.

  9. Earlmundo, I am from an Irish Catholic family and I never knew anyone in the immediate or extended “clan” who could be described as a strong supporter of BRA. Quite the contrary. Maybe my experience is atypical?

    Hunter, your religious metaphor is spot on. BRA is an integral part of Political Correctness and Political Correctness IS a religion. You forgot to mention that Hitler is Lucifer and White Southerners and Germans are his demonic fallen angels.

  10. If you really want to get down to brass tacks, the true origin of Black Run America was the moment when some get-rich-quick Brits decided to go to the New World and make a bundle off slave labor.

    All of this country’s sad history of black/white race relations has been a consequence of that terrible decision. Every other explanation is just a diversion from pointing at this original “sin.”

  11. The first slaves were brought to the English colonies (Jamestown, specifically) by Dutch traders.
    But never mind; the British/Anglo-Saxons/WASPs must be the villains no matter what.
    The left is also of the same mind.

  12. I don’t particularly care who first brought slaves to what’s now the U.S. other than to point out that they’re the ones at fault for creating the multiracial American experiment that we all love so much.

    Blaming BRA on anything else is a sideshow.

  13. The multiracial experiment was created by Yankees who passed the Fourteenth Amendment in 1867. It shouldn’t forgotten either that this is just one of a multitude of Yankee experiments like Prohibition. There is also women’s suffrage, feminism, and free love.

  14. The “Yankees” could have passed the Fourteenth Amendment all day long and it wouldn’t have made any difference if there wasn’t a black slave labor population imported to the New World.

    Look, the problem is incompatible races being forced to live alongside each other.

    If blame is important to you, then you need to look no further than finding out who were the dumbasses that brought the blacks here. There’s your answer.

    Everything else is just a diversion.

  15. Hunter: Keep going after those Northeast Liberal Establishment Bastards. They are vermin of lowest order and have made a mess of everything. They think they are Spercial and that they are The American Camolot Royalty. Expose the bastards and what they have done!

  16. “The multiracial experiment was created by Yankees who passed the Fourteenth Amendment in 1867. It shouldn’t forgotten either that this is just one of a multitude of Yankee experiments like Prohibition. There is also women’s suffrage, feminism, and free love.”

    All the Yankee bashing in the world will never explain away the crime of the Southern Plantation owners who infected the continent with millions of Negroes.

    Hunter – you lose on facts. Period.

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